Home Inspection Checklist
Use our Home Inspection Checklist to insure that you are looking at all aspects of your home. Check off those items on the Home Inspection Checklist that are in good condition and make notes about those that are not. (Note that this Home Inspection Checklist describes a home in ideal condition, but in our experience no house is perfect not even brand new ones!!)
Please Note these Home Inspection Tips:
This Home Inspection Checklist should not be relied upon as a Home Inspection report, nor should it be considered a substitute for a Home Inspection. This Home Inspection Checklist is representative, but NOT exhaustive. If you require a Home Inspection, contact Inspection Xpress. This is a Home Inspection Checklist for Buyers & Sellers and is intended only as a tool. As you consider all the requirements for Home buying and selling we hope you find this Checklist for Home Inspection to be helpful.
- Adequate ventilation, clear path into attic for air entering through soffit vents
- Adequately sized gable end louvers and all mechanical ventilation operational
- No evidence of decay or damage to structure
- No open electrical splices
- No plumbing, exhaust or appliance vents terminating in attic
- No stains on underside of roofing, especially around roof penetrations
- Sufficient insulation and properly installed insulation (moisture barrier installedclosest to the heated area of the house)
- Adequate water flow and water pressure at all fixtures
- Caulking in good condition inside and outside of the bathtub and shower area
- If sink is metal, it shows no signs of rust and overflow drain does not leak
- No stains or evidence of past leaking around base of bathtub or shower
- Plumbing and cabinet floor under sink in good condition
- Sink, bathtub and shower drain properly
- Toilet operates properly
- Toilet stable = no rocking and no stains around base
- Bathtub or shower tiles secure and wall surface solid
- Working exhaust fan that does not terminate in the attic space
- Adequately vented to exterior
- Insulation between crawl space and heated areas and installed with vapor barrier towards heated area
- Insulation on exposed water supply, waste and vent pipes
- No evidence of insect damage
- No evidence of moisture damage
- No aluminum cable for branch circuits
- Service panel: has adequate capacity, all cables attached to panel with cable Connectors and fuses or breakers are not overheating
- Visible wiring: in good condition, no "knob-and-tube" wiring, no exposed splices, all cables secured and protected
- Adequate clearance between ground and wood siding materials (6" minimum); no wood to earth contact
- Exterior paint or stain: no flaking or blisters
- Masonry veneers: no cracks in joints, no broken, spalling or flaking components
- No stains on exterior surfaces
- No vines on surface of structure
- Siding: no cracking, curling, loose, rot or decay
- Stucco: no large cracks (make sure to discuss all stucco cracks with a professional inspector)
- Vinyl or aluminum siding: no dents, damage, no bowing or loose siding
Grounds / Yard
- Downspout drainage directed away from structure
- Driveways, sidewalks, patios, entrance landings in good condition, and pitched away from structure
- Exterior structures (fences, sheds, decks, retaining walls, detached garages) in good condition and no evidence of termite damage or rotted wood
- No branches or bushes touching house or overhanging the roof
- No evidence of standing water
- No leaks from septic tank or leech field
- No Sewer Odor
- Proper grading drainage away from house
- Railings on stairs and decks are adequate and secure
- Yard, landscaping, trees and walkways in good condition
Heating / Cooling System
- Air filter(s) clean
- Appears to operate well throughout (good air flow on forced hot air & A/C systems)
- Ductwork in good condition
- Flues: no open seams, slopes up to chimney connection
- No asbestos or lead on heating pipes, water pipes or air ducts
- No combustion gas odor
- No rust around cooling unit
- Separate flues for gas/oil/propane and wood/coal
- Adequate number of three pronged electrical outlets in each room
- Electrical outlets test properly (spot check)
- Evidence of adequate insulation in walls
- Fireplace: no cracking or damaged masonry, no evidence of back-drafting (staining on fireplace façade), damper operates properly, flue has been cleaned and flue is lined.
- Flooring materials in good condition
- Floors, walls and ceilings appear straight and level
- Heating/cooling source in each room
- Interior doors operate easily and latch properly, no damage or decay, no broken Hardware.
- Lights and switches operate properly
- No significant cracks in walls or ceilings
- No stains on floors, walls or ceilings
- Paint, wall covering, and paneling in good condition
- Windows and exterior doors operate easily and latch properly, no broken glass, no sashes painted shut, no decay; windows and doors have weather-stripping and "weep holes" installed
- Wood trim installed well and in good condition
- Built- in appliances operate properly
- Cabinets in good condition: doors and drawers operate properly
- Dishwasher: drains properly, no leaks, baskets and door spring operates properly
- Floor in cabinet under sink solid, no stains or decay
- Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter ("GFCI") protection for electrical outlets within 6 feet of the sink(s)
- No excessive rust or deterioration on garbage disposal or waste pipes
- No leaks in pipes under sinks
- Water flow in sink adequate
- Working exhaust fan that is vented to the exterior of the building
- Exposed foundation; no stains no major cracks, no flaking, no efflorescence
- Insulation at rim/band joists
- No evidence of moisture
- Visible structural wood: no sagging, no damage, no decay, no stains, no damage from insects and sills attached to foundation with anchor bolts
- Automatic garage door opener operates properly, stops properly for obstacles
- Smoke and carbon monoxide detectors where required by local ordinances
- Stair handrails where needed and in good condition
- Stairway treads and riser’s solid
- Galvanized pipes do not restrict water flow
- Hot water temperature between 118 - 125 degrees Fahrenheit
- Visible pipes: no damage, no evidence of leaks, no signs of stains on materials near pipes; drain pipes slope slightly down towards outlet to septic/sewage system
- Water heater: no signs of rust, vented properly and sized to produce adequate quantities of hot water for the number of bedrooms in the house.
- Water pump: does not short cycle
- Well water test is acceptable
- Chimneys: straight, properly flashed, no evidence of damaged bricks or cracked joints, mortar/cement cap in good condition
- Composition shingles: no curling, no cupping, no loss of granulation particulate, no broken, damaged or missing shingles, no more than two layers of roofing
- Exterior venting for eave areas: vents are clean and not painted over
- Flashing around roof penetrations
- Flat roofs: no obvious patches, no cracks or splits, minimal blisters/"alligatoring" and wrinkles, no silt deposits (indicates improper drainage), sealed tar at flashings
- Gutters: no decay or rust, joints sealed, attached securely to structure, no bending or sagging, no sections of gutter or downspout missing, gutters clean, no mud deposits
- No evidence of excess roofing cement/tar/caulk
- Soffits and fascia: no decay, no stains
- Wood shingles or shakes: no mold, rot or decay, no cracked/broken/missing shingles, no curling
- Ridge and fascia board lines appear straight and level
- Sides of house appear straight, not bowed or sagging
- Visible foundation in good condition - appears straight, with no significant cracks
Windows, Doors and Wood Trim
- Drip caps installed over windows
- Joints around frames are caulked
- Muntin and mullion glazing compound in good condition
- No broken glass (window or storm panes) or damaged screens, no broken double paned and insulated window seals
- Storm windows or thermal glass used
- Window and door frames appear square (especially bowed windows)
- Wood frames and trim pieces are secure, no cracks, rot or decay
Expedite your home sale or purchase by preparing your home ahead of time and/or by using the following Home Inspection Tips. Your Home Inspection will go more smoothly, with fewer concerns to delay closing if you take full advantage of this Printable Home Inspection Checklist.
Home Buyers Tips and Inspection Checklist:
- Confirm that that the water, electrical and gas services are turned on (including pilot lights).
- Make sure your pets will not hinder your Home Inspection. Ideally, pets ought to be removed from the premises or secured outside. Tell your agent about any pets at home.
- Replace burned-out light bulbs to avoid a "light is inoperable" report that may suggest an electrical problem.
- Test smoke and carbon monoxide detectors, and replace dead batteries before your Home Inspection.
- Clean or replace dirty HVAC air filters. They should fit securely.
- Remove stored items, debris and wood from the foundation. These may be cited as "conducive conditions" for termites.
- Remove items blocking access to HVAC equipment, electrical service panels, the water heater, attic and crawlspace.
- Unlock any locked areas that your home inspector must access, such as the attic door or hatch, the electrical service panel, the door to the basement, and any exterior gates.
- Trim tree limbs so that they're at least 10 feet away from the roof. Trim any shrubs that are too close to the house and can hide pests or hold moisture against the exterior.
- Repair or replace any broken or missing items, such as doorknobs, locks or latches, windowpanes or screens, gutters or downspouts, or chimney caps.
Thoroughly utilizing these Tips and the Home Inspection Checklist and assessing these areas before your Home Inspection is an investment in selling or purchasing your property. Better yet, have your InterNACHI Home Inspector ensure that your home is Move-In Certified™. Your real estate agent will thank you!